A neurosurgeon is a surgeon who specialises in operative management of patients with conditions that affect the brain, spinal cord and associated nerves.

Medical Conditions

Any disease process involving the brain or spinal cord that requires surgery as part of its treatment.

  • Stroke
  • Subarachnoid haemorrhage
  • Subdural haematoma
  • Extradural haematoma
  • Brain tumours
  • Head injury
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Cervical or spinal canal stenosis
  • Hydocephalus

Specialty Areas of Interest

  • Brain tumours
  • Spinal surgery
  • Paediatric neurosurgery
  • Trauma

Associated Tests


The treatment offered by neurosurgeons revolves around surgery. They may give medications to prevent seizures, reduce brain swelling, treat infection and so on, but the mainstay of treatment is surgical. Often other specialists are also involved in the care of their patients – like neurologists or endocrinologists, intensivists or trauma surgeons.

What to expect


Your neurosurgeon will ask about your symptoms, their development and previous treatment. They will also ask about past medical problems and medications. Family and social history may also be relevant.


A neurosurgeon’s examination may be brief. They have usually been referred a patient because a CT scan or MRI has shown a problem that requires surgery. The problem is already defined and exhaustive examination may not be necessary. The neurosurgeon will tailor the examination to the presentation. Full examination of the nervous system, brain and spinal cord may be required and this will be performed if necessary.

Training and Qualifications



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This article is for informational purposes only and should not be taken as medical advice. If in doubt, HealthEngine recommends consulting with a registered health practitioner.

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