General Anaesthesia: This is a type of anaesthesia in which a patient feels nothing due to drugs called ‘general anaesthetics’. In a conscious state, the brain constantly receives information from nerves throughout the body – these drugs stop the brain from properly understanding these signals, and so they cause a state of unconsciousness. When these drugs wear off, consciousness returns. While anaesthetised, a patient can be given other drugs to relax muscles, manage pain, and control the patient’s condition. A general anaesthetic is given by a specialist doctor called an anaesthetist, who monitors the patient’s condition while they are unconscious.