General Surgery

A general surgeon is a doctor who specialises in diseases that require surgery as part of their treatment.

Medical Conditions

General surgeons operate on many different areas and many develop their own areas of expertise.

  • Lumps and bumps
  • Gallstones
  • Hernias
  • Trauma surgery
  • Cancer surgery – particularly bowel cancer surgery
  • Bowel operations
  • Breast operations
  • Gland operations – like thyroid, parathyroid or adrenal operations
  • Liver surgery
  • Haemorrhoids

Specialty Areas of Interest

  • Laparoscopic surgery
  • Cancer surgery
  • Trauma surgery
  • Endocrine surgery
  • Breast surgery
  • Colorectal surgery
  • Hepatobiliary and upper gastrointestinal tract surgery
  • Transplant surgery

Associated Tests


Numerous different operations.

  • Laparoscopic surgery
  • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy
  • Open cholecystectomy
  • Appendicectomy
  • Laparotomy
  • Hartmann’s procedure
  • Stoma formation and reversal
  • Hernia repair
  • Haemorrhoidectomy
  • Rectal prolapse repair
  • Biopsy
  • Liver resection
  • Sigmoidectomy
  • Colectomy
  • Polypectomy
  • Mastectomy

What to expect


A general surgeon will usually take a brief and focussed history on your current complaint. They will ask about your symptoms, their frequency, duration and relieving and exacerbating factors. They will also ask about prior tests and treatments. Previous medical problems, medications, allergies, social and family history may also be relevant.


Your general surgeon will focus the examination on the current problem. If the problem is a lump or bump they will begin by looking at you generally and then will focus on the lump examining that in detail.

Training and Qualifications



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This article is for informational purposes only and should not be taken as medical advice. If in doubt, HealthEngine recommends consulting with a registered health practitioner.

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